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Tips on Selecting Epilepsy Treatment Drugs
Epilepsy causes seizures and it is one of the neurological disorders like stroke and dementia. Many people in the world suffer from epileptic conditions where seizures occur frequently. AIDS, stroke, meningitis and traumatic brain injury are believed to be the main causes of epilepsy. The chances of getting epilepsy increases when if the family members has the condition. There are things which have been classified as triggers when it comes to epileptic conditions. There have been some triggers that have been found among people who have epilepsy which include lack of sleep, alcohol, illness and stress. Most people have different triggers and it could also be a combination of these triggers it other items. Managing the condition requires that the doctor should identify the type of seizures an individual experiences. Generalized seizures and focal seizures are the most common types of seizures that individual with epilepsy will have. In generalized seizures an epilepsy patient will experience jerking movement of legs and arms and loss of bowel movement it bladder while focal seizures will cause the twitching of limbs, loss if the five senses and dizziness.
The treatment drugs and options are provided base son the kind of seizures the epileptic patient has. The side effects of the two types of medication drugs for epilepsy are different. The broad spectrum anti-epilepsy medication drugs treats the various types of seizures and the person can experience fatigue, insomnia and dizziness as side effects of the drugs. The other anti- epilepsy drug is known as narrow spectrum and it is used to treat specific seizures with the side effects vary depending on how the drug has been administered. There is the oral tablet, IV injection and solution. These drugs are effective in managing the seizures a person has due to epilepsy. Once the epileptic patient has noticed the triggers it will be easier to know whether the drugs are working it not. There is a risk that will occur if the condition is not managed.
If the individual has been on the anti-epilepsy drugs and the condition instead improve then there are alternative treatment methods. Brain surgery and vagus nerve stimulations are options available to patient of epilepsy when the drugs don’t work. There is a stimulator placed under the epileptic person skin which sends electrical activity to the brain that prevents the seizures. The brain surgery is the last resort since it’s invasive the part of the brain that causes seizures is normally removed. Ketogenic diet can also be incorporated since there are studies that show the beneficial value for those who don’t respond to anti-epilepsy drugs.